What is the chemical in phenyl groups in organic compounds?

Phenyl, a phenyl functional group, or a phenyl ring, is a cyclic molecule of carbons and hydrogens. What is the chemical in phenyl groups in organic compounds?

Phenyl groups in organic compounds

In organic chemistry, the phenyl group, or phenyl ring, is a cyclic group of atoms with the formula C 6H 5, and is often represented by the symbol Ph. The phenyl group is based simply on benzene, with one H removed. Phenyl groups sometimes resist oxidation and reduction. These types, often described as non-polar, owing to the presence of vinyl and phenyl groups on the surface, exhibit weakly specific intermolecular interactions with molecules of types B, C and D, but non-specific interactions with all types of adsorbates predominate.

What is phenyl used for?

Phenyl is used for the production of phenol, which is a basic compound in the plastics manufacturing industry. It is used as a disinfectant in many places like home schools, hotels, stores, hospitals, offices, etc. It is used to remove odors and kill microorganisms. It is also used as an antioxidant, analgesic, choleretic, etc. Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol (PEA) can also be used in perfume companies. This compound is obtained as a by-product of gases used in combustion lamps. Phenyl groups are more polar than alkyl groups due to the presence of alternating double bonds in the aromatic ring.

Phenyl groups references:

《Concentration-dominated orientation of phenyl groups at the polystyrene/graphene interface》-Y Hong, S Bao, X Xiang, X Wang - ACS Macro Letters, 2020

《Nuclearity expansion in Pd clusters triggered by the migration of a phenyl group in cyclooligosilanes》-K Shimamoto, Y Sunada - Chemical Communications, 2021

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